ETYM Latin capacitus, from capax, capacis; from French capacité. Related to Capacious.
(volume) Alternative term for volume, generally used to refer to the amount of liquid or gas that may be held in a container. Units of capacity include liter and milliliter (metric); pint and gallon (imperial).
1. Ability to perform or produce.
2. The power to learn or retain knowledge; SYN. mental ability.
3. A specified function.
4. The amount that can be contained; SYN. content.
5. The maximum production possible.
This word is used in names of quantities which express the relative amount of some quantity with respect to a another quantity upon which it depends. For example, heat capacity is dU/dT, where U is the internal energy and T is the temperature. Electrical capacity, or capacitance is another example: C = |dQ/dV|, where Q is the magnitude of charge on each capacitor plate and V is the potential diference between the plates.
ETYM Old Eng. feture form, shape, feature, Old Fren. faiture fashion, make, from Latin factura a making, formation, from facere, factum, to make. Related to Feat, Fact, Facture.
1. A prominent aspect of something; SYN. characteristic.
2. An article of merchandise that is displayed or advertised more than other articles.
3. The characteristics parts of a person's face: eyes and nose and mouth and chin; SYN. lineament.
ETYM Old Eng. proprete, Old Fren. propreté property, French propreté neatness, cleanliness, propriété property, from Latin proprietas. Related to Proper, Propriety.
1. A basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class.
2. A construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished; SYN. attribute, dimension.
3. Any movable articles or objects used on the set of a play or movie; SYN. prop.
4. Any tangible possession that is owned by someone; SYN. belongings, holding, material possession.
The right to title and to control the use of a thing (such as land, a building, a work of art, or a computer program). In US law, a distinction is made between real property, which involves a degree of geographical fixity, and personal property, which does not.
Property is never absolute, since any society places limits on an individual's property (such as the right to transfer that property to another). Different societies have held widely varying interpretations of the nature of property and the extent of the rights of the owner to that property.
qualification / kwɑːləfəkeɪʃn̩ /
ETYM Cf. French qualification. Related to Qualify.
1. An attribute that fits a person for something:.
2. The act of modification or changing the strength of some idea.
ETYM French qualité, Latin qualitas, from qualis how constituted, as; akin to Eng. which. Related to Which.
1. A characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something; SYN. character, lineament.
2. A degree or grade of excellence or worth; SYN. caliber, calibre.
3. An essential and distinguishing attribute of something or someone.
4. High social status.
role / roʊl /
Normal or customary activity.
In the social sciences, the part(s) a person plays in society, either in helping the social system to work or in fulfilling social responsibilities toward others. Role play refers to the way in which children learn adult roles by acting them out in play (mothers and fathers, cops and robbers). Everyone has a number of roles to play in a society: for example, a woman may be an employee, mother, and wife at the same time.
Sociologists distinguish between formal roles, such as those of a doctor or politician, and informal roles, such as those of mother or husband, which are based on personal relationships. Social roles involve mutual expectations: a doctor can fulfill that role only if the patients play their part; a father requires the support of his children. They also distinguish between ascribed roles (those we are born with) and achieved roles (those we attain).
Role conflict arises where two or more of a person's roles are seen as incompatible—for example, a woman who is a daughter to a sick mother and mother to a sick husband or child.
ETYM Latin singularitas: cf. French singularité.
1. Strangeness by virtue of being remarkable or unusual.
2. The quality of being one of a kind; SYN. uniqueness.
In astrophysics, the point in space–time at which the known laws of physics break down. Singularity is predicted to exist at the center of a black hole, where infinite gravitational forces compress the infalling mass of a collapsing star to infinite density. It is also thought, according to the Big Bang model of the origin of the universe, to be the point from which the expansion of the universe began.