ETYM Old Eng. blok; cf. French bloc (fr. Old High Germ.), Dutch and Dan. blok, Swed. and German block, Old High Germ. bloch.
1. A three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; SYN. cube.
2. A rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings; SYN. city block.
3. A number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit.
4. A sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted.
5. Housing in a large building that is divided into separate units.
6. A solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides).
7. An inability to remember or think of something one normally can do; often caused by emotional tension; SYN. mental block.
ETYM French boulevard, boulevart, from German bollwerk. Related to Bulwark.
1. Originally, a bulwark or rampart of fortification or fortified town.
2. A public walk or street occupying the site of demolished fortifications. Hence: A broad avenue in or around a city.
3. (French) wide avenue, especially near park or river; fashionable promenade.
1. The act of dragging (pulling with force).
2. The phenomenon of resistance to motion through a fluid; SYN. retarding force.
Resistance to motion a body experiences when passing through a fluid—gas or liquid. The aerodynamic drag aircraft experience when traveling through the air represents a great waste of power, so they must be carefully shaped, or streamlined, to reduce drag to a minimum. Automobiles benefit from streamlining, and aerodynamic drag is used to slow down spacecraft returning from space. Boats traveling through water experience hydrodynamic drag on their hulls, and the fastest vessels are hydrofoils, whose hulls lift out of the water while cruising.
drum / drəm /
Množina reči drum je drums.
Sinonimi: metal drum · membranophone · tympan · drumfish
ETYM Cf. Dutch trom, trommel, LG. trumme, German trommel, Dan. tromme, Swed. trumma, Old High Germ. trumba a trumpet, Icel. pruma a clap of thunder, and as a verb, to thunder, Dan. drum a booming sound, drumme to boom.
1. A cylindrical metal container used for shipping or storage of liquids; SYN. metal drum.
2. A musical percussion instrument; usually consists of a hollow cylinder with a membrane stretch across each end; SYN. membranophone, tympan.
3. Small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling food and game fishes of shallow coastal and fresh waters that make a drumming noise; SYN. drumfish.
4. The sound of a drum.
Any of a class of percussion instruments including slit drums made of wood, steel drums fabricated from oil drums, and a majority group of skin drums consisting of a shell or vessel of wood, metal, or earthenware across one or both ends of which is stretched a membrane of hide or plastic.
Drums are struck with the hands or with a stick or pair of sticks; they are among the oldest instruments known. Most drums are of indeterminate low or high pitch and function as rhythm instruments. The exceptions are steel drums, orchestral timpani (kettledrums), and Indian tabla which are tuned to precise pitches. Double-ended African kalungu (“talking drums”) can be varied in pitch by the player squeezing on the tension cords. Frame drums including the Irish bodhrán and Basque tambour are smaller and lighter in tone and may incorporate jingles or rattles. Orchestral drums consist of timpani, tambourine, snare, side, and bass drums, the latter either single-headed (with a single skin) and producing a ringing tone, called a gong drum, or double-headed (with two skins) and producing a dense booming noise of indeterminate pitch. Military bands of foot soldiers employ the snare and side drums, and among cavalry regiments a pair of kettledrums mounted on horseback are played on ceremonial occasions.
Dance band drums have evolved from the “traps” of Dixieland jazz into a battery of percussion employing a range of stick types. In addition to snare and foot-controlled bass drums, many feature a scale of pitched bongos and tom-toms, as well as suspended cymbals, hi-hat (foot-controlled double cymbals), cowbells, and temple blocks. Recent innovations include the rotary tunable rototoms, electronic drums, and the drum machine, a percussion synthesizer.
ETYM as. râd a riding, that on which one rides or travels, a road, from rîdan to ride. Related to Ride, Raid.
1. A way or means to achieve something.
2. An open way (generally public) for travel or transportation; SYN. route.
Specially constructed route for wheeled vehicles to travel on.
Reinforced tracks became necessary with the invention of wheeled vehicles in about 3000 BC and most ancient civilizations had some form of road network. The Romans developed engineering techniques that were not equaled for another 1,400 years.
Until the late 18th century most European roads were haphazardly maintained, making winter travel difficult. In the UK the turnpike system of collecting tolls created some improvement. The Scottish engineers Thomas Telford and John McAdam introduced sophisticated construction methods in the early 19th century. Recent developments have included durable surface compounds and machinery for rapid ground preparation.
In the US, the first roads were paved in colonial times, first with logs (corduroy roads), later with cobblestones and Belgian building blocks or brick, depending on the region. With the advent of motor vehicles, roads were constructed to reduce time spent draining, fixing flat tires, and seeking services; highways, parkways, freeways, and interstates now offer multilane, landscaped roads, with service areas at roadside, including motels, restaurants, and service stations.
street / striːt /
Množina reči street je streets.
ETYM Old Eng. strete, as. straet, from Latin strata (sc. via) a paved way, properly fem. p. p. of sternere, stratum, to spread; akin to Eng. strew. Related to Strew, Stratum, Stray.
1. A thoroughfare (usually including sidewalks) that is lined with buildings.
2. The part of a thoroughfare between the sidewalks; the part of the thoroughfare on which vehicles travel.
3. People living or working on the same street.
4. The streets of a city viewed as a depressed environment in which there is poverty and crime and prostitution and dereliction.
5. (Informal) A situation offering opportunities.