ETYM Latin columna, from columen, culmen, from cellere (used only in comp.), akin to Eng. excel, and prob. to holm. See Holm, Colonel.
1 > A tall, cylindrical upright structure, used in architecture | SYN: pillar.
2 > Anything tall and thin approximating the shape of a column or tower | SYN: tower, pillar.
3 > A vertical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (as a monument or a column of air) | SYN: pillar.
4 > A linear array of numbers one above another.
5 > A vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands | SYN: chromatography column.
6 > An article giving opinions or perspectives | SYN: editorial, newspaper column.
7 > A line of (usually military) units following one after another.
ETYM Prov. Eng. jaumb, jaum, French jambe a leg, jambe de force a principal rafter. Related to Gambol. (Homonym: jam). A vertical side member of a door or window frame.
ETYM Old Eng. pilerFrench pilier, Late Lat. pilare, pilarium, pilarius, from Latin pila a pillar. Related to Pile a heap.
1 > A fundamental principle or practice.
2 > A prominent supporter | SYN: mainstay.
(Homonym: Pole, poll).
1 > A long (usually round) rod of wood or metal or plastic.
2 > A long fiberglass implement used for pole vaulting.
3 > One of the two ends of a magnet where the magnetism seems to be concentrated | SYN: magnetic pole.
4 > One of two antipodal points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects the Earth's surface.
5 > One of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions; or.
6 > One of two points of intersection of the Earth's axis and the celestial sphere | SYN: celestial pole.
Unit of area equal to a square rod.
Either of the geographic north and south points of the axis about which the Earth rotates. The geographic poles differ from the magnetic poles, which are the points toward which a freely suspended magnetic needle will point.
In 1985 the magnetic north pole was some 350 km/218 mi nw of Resolute Bay, Northwest Territories, Canada. It moves northward about 10 km/ 6; mi each year, although it can vary in a day about 80 km/50 mi from its average position. It is relocated every decade in order to update navigational charts.
It is thought that periodic changes in the Earth's core cause a reversal of the magnetic poles (see polar reversal, magnetic field). Many animals, including migrating birds and fish, are believed to orient themselves partly using the Earth's magnetic field. A permanent scientific base collects data at the South Pole.
1 > A piece of timber or metal fixed firmly in an upright position.
2 > A pole or stake set up to mark something (as the start of a race track) | SYN: stake.
3 > The position where something or someone (as a guard or sentry) stands or is assigned to stand | SYN: station.
ETYM Akin to lg., Dutch, and Dan. prop stopple, stopper, cork, Swed. propp, German pfropf. Related to Prop.
1 > A support placed beneath or against something to keep it from shaking or falling.
2 > Property.
3 > Something used in creating or enhancing a desired effect.
4 > Propeller.
ETYM Old Eng. shaft, schaft, as. sceaft.
1 > A line that forms the length of an arrow pointer.
2 > A long rod or pole (especially the handle of an implement or the body of a weapon like a spear or arrow).
3 > A vertical passage into a mine.
4 > A vertical passageway through a building (as for an elevator).
5 > The vertical part of a column.
ETYM AS. staca, from the root of Eng. stick; akin to OFries. and LG. stake, Dutch staak, Swed. stake, Dan. stage. Related to Stick, Estacade, Stockade.
1 > A vertical post that a victim is tied to for execution by burning.
2 > The money risked on a gamble | SYN: stakes, bet, wager.
ETYM Old Fren. estanson, estançon, French étançon, from Old Fren. estance a stay, a prop, from Latin stans, stantis, standing, p. pr. of stare to stand. Related to Stand, Stanza. Any vertical pole or rod used as a support. Upright beam, bar or support. Upright support or post.
ETYM Old Fren. estendart, French étendard, probably from Latin extendere to spread out, extend, but influenced by Eng. stand. Related to Extend.
1 > A basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated | SYN: criterion, measure, touchstone.
2 > The value behind the money in a monetary system | SYN: monetary standard.
3 > An upright pole (especially one used as a support).
4 > Any distinctive flag.
5 > A board measure equalling 1980 board feet.
1 > Continuing or remaining in a place | SYN: visit, sojourn, rest, trip.
2 > A thin strip of metal or bone that is used to stiffen a garment (e.g. a corset).
3 > A judicial order forbidding some action until an event occurs or the order is lifted
ETYM as. stocc a stock, trunk, stick; akin to Dutch stok, German stock, Old High Germ. stoc, Icel. stokkr, Swed. stock, Dan. stok, and as. stycce a piece; cf. Skr. tuj to urge, thrust. Related to Stokker, Stucco, and Tuck a rapier.
1 > The merchandise that a shop has on hand | SYN: inventory.
2 > The capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to partial ownership.
3 > The handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun | SYN: gunstock.
4 > The reputation and popularity a person has.
5 > Wood used in the construction of something.
6 > The handle end of some implements or tools.
7 > A plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants.
8 > Persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant | SYN: caudex.
1 > A piano with a vertical sounding board | SYN: upright piano.
2 > A vertical structural member as a post or stake | SYN: vertical.
1 > One of the smaller uprights in the framing of the walls of a building to which sheathing, paneling, or laths are fastened; scantling
2 > Height from floor to ceiling
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